Color is a physical property of physical light (the small area below which we can see with our naked eye).
LIGHT PRIMARY COLORS (ADDITIVE)
The primary colors for light are Green, Red, and Blue. With the different variations of these three colors, more colors can be created, if combined equally, white can be created). When you work on a computer, many times you are asked to print in “RGB” or “CMYK”, the RGB (Red, Green, Blue) refers to light/computer screens which make it the best for presentations.
PIGMENT PRIMARY COLORS (SUBTRACTIVE)
The primary colors for pigment are Yellow, Magenta, and Cyan (these are better known as Yellow, Red, and Blue from our elementary art classes). In looking at the “RGB” or “CMYK”, the CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) is an option used by printers.
3 COLOR QUALITIES
The hue determines the difference between a color; so, we know that yellow is distinguished from purple.
a : relative lightness or darkness of a color : luminosity
b : the relation of one part in a picture to another with respect to lightness and darkness
Value. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10, 2016, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/value
The value is the degree from white to black, how dark or light the color is.
Color + white = tint
Color + black = shade
Color + grey = tone
CHROMA (INTENSITY / SATURATION)
2: a quality of color combining hue and saturation
Chroma. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10, 2016, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chroma
The chroma (also known as saturation or intensity) is the degree of purity of the hue.
MONOCHROMATIC COLOR SCHEME
the use of a single hue, with variations of chroma/saturation/intensity
ANALOGOUS COLOR SCHEME
The use of colors close to each other on the color wheel
COMPLEMENTARY COLOR SCHEME
Complementary colors are those combining colors from opposite ends of the color wheel
TRIAD COLOR SCHEME
The use of three equally spaced colors on the color wheel
EFFECTS OF COLOR + LIGHT
I came across this photo looking for an example of simultaneous contrast and figured I pretty much hit the jackpot! (Seriously, go check out this page for a bunch of really great information on color! So, what is simultaneous contrast, and, why is it important?
If we look at the three images above, it’s important to note that the middle image is the original. The top image has copied over the color from the right paint swatch to the left, while the bottom image has copied over the color from the left paint swatch to the right.
Does this feel like your struggles when selecting paint in your bed room?
Here are a few tips to remember when dealing with color and light differences
- Color on a light background will appear darker
- Color on a dark background will appear lighter
- A neutral gray will appear warm when placed with cool colors (green, blue, purple)
- A neutral gray will appear cool when placed with warm colors (red, orange, yellow)
- Dark colors = smaller and heavier
- Light colors = cooler and lighter
I WANT TO HEAR FROM YOU!
- What other color tricks do you use?
- What are some good examples of the different color schemes you use in your home?
- What is your go-to color?
Check out our other Elements of Design in your home: